Saxophones straddle the boundary between brass and woodwind, which makes it a unique instrument. They feature flexibility by letting you achieve everything from low tuba-like peals to warm and mellow horn sounds. This has to do with its ability to scale in size. Originally, there were 14 different sizes the sax is patented; however, only five of them are commonly used today. These include the following:
The baritone saxophone is the lowest-pitched of the other varieties. It is found in classical music and sometimes in jazz known for its solo sound. However, this kind of sax is traditionally used in traditional R&B and rock ‘n’ roll that use its rich, honking tone. Because of its size, it is a harder instrument for beginners than other varieties. But, it can be the best choice for those who want to play a low-sounding brass or woodwind because it is a little more mobile than tubas and other instruments in the segment.
This is the sax that most beginners will want to play. Tuned to Eb, the alto sax is positioned two and a half steps above the tenor. Due to its compact, easy-to-play layout, it is a good choice for people who are looking to develop basic skills and techniques. Some versions of alto saxophones deliver the response, tone, and intonation needed to help developing musicians achieve success.
A tenor sax is the gold standard of jazz instruments. It sits comfortably between the alto and the baritone. While it is bigger than the alto, it is approachable for beginners.
The Bp soprano sax is tuned another two and a half steps over the alto. Its smaller size makes it more affordable than others that might make it attractive for beginners. However, it is important to keep in mind that its higher pitch and more precise nature can make it quite difficult to master.
A soprano sax delivers richness and fullness for music played in higher registers. It naturally fits orchestra and concert environments. It is usually made in a straight configuration without the curved bell expected on most saxophones.
This sax is a full octave lower than the tenor sax and basses are bigger enough to be played from a seated position. They are commonly seen in classical arrangements or sax ensembles. Because of their size and deep voice, they often contained on such occasions. While a bass sax is not a beginner-friendly instrument, it can be used to expand the skill set of those who play smaller horns.